The most common sign of eyelid cancer is unexplained, new growth on the eyelid. In many cases, people have benign or non-cancerous growths on one of their eyelids.
But if the growth is malignant or cancerous, it will be characterized by asymmetry, ulceration, and bleeding. Eyelid cancer is usually painless. Furthermore it is often accompanied by an eyelash loss and, in some cases, a “notch” in the eyelid.
Committed oculoplastic surgeon Dr. Jennifer Hui provides a range of eye care procedures to patients in Palm Springs, Palm Desert, La Quinta, Coachella Valley, Riverside, Redlands, Yucaipa, Loma Linda, and surrounding communities in this region of The Golden State.
Patients suffering from eyelid cancer may experience some of the following symptoms or signs. In some cases, the patient with eyelid cancer will not show any of these symptoms. The symptoms in some patients may be caused by another medical condition that is not cancer.
- Change in eyelid skin appearance
- Noticeable swelling in the eyelid
- Thickening of the eyelid
- Development of a chronic infection in the eyelid
- Occurrence of an ulceration (area where the eyelid skin is broken) which does not heal
- Appearance of a colored mass on the eyelid
Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of eyelid cancer. In most cases, the basal cell carcinoma of the eyelid can be removed with surgery.
If left untreated, the cancer could grow around the eye and into the orbit, sinuses and brain. Lower eyelids are more commonly affected by basal cell carcinomas. This cancer almost never spreads to other body parts (metastasizing).
Symptoms of Basal Cell Carcinoma of the Eyelid
Patients having basal cell carcinoma of the eyelid will commonly notice the gradual formation of a reddish nodule on their eyelid. This tumor is often found on the lower eyelid, and is followed by the medial canthus (towards the nose). It can also occur on the upper eyelid. Malignancy of the tumor is indicated by any eyelash loss (around the tumor).
In a few cases, a basal cell cancer can be pigmented or may be present without any nodule. When the tumor grows within the eyelid and does not form a nodule, it can induce pulling of the affected eyelid (away from the eye). This type of a case (morpheaform variant) can be more difficult to treat because here the tumor edges are harder to define.
Risk Factors in Eyelid Cancer
People who are fair skinned (people with red or blonde hair and blue eyes) are at a higher risk of developing an eyelid cancer than others. In addition, people who are immune-suppressed or have previously had radiation in the facial sites also are at risk.
Immuno-suppression can be noticed in patients suffering from auto-immune diseases and leukemia. Furthermore, those who have undergone an organ transplant or stem cell transplant may also have immune-suppression.
If eyelid cancer is diagnosed, relieving the symptoms will be an important part of care and treatment.
Reliable eye surgeon Dr. Jennifer Hui receives patients from Palm Springs, Palm Desert, La Quinta, Coachella Valley, Riverside, Redlands, Yucaipa, Loma Linda, and nearby areas for various eye care treatments.
For more information about cosmetic surgery and nonsurgical eye treatments and procedures performed by Oculoplastic Eye Surgeon Dr. Jennifer Hui for patients in and around Palm Springs, La Quinta, Coachella Valley, Palm Desert, Riverside, Redlands, Yucaipa, Loma Linda, California and surrounding areas call 760.610.2677 or click here to contact us.